华贸城 Villa Huamao

项目地点:北京

基本功能:住宅

建筑规模:600平方米

建成年份:2016

华贸城别墅整体空间改造的设计,建筑师希望能够用建筑手法来探讨,建筑如何能从室内到园林的空间之间,进行物理和视觉的过渡。

为此,建筑师打破了传统的宅与院的概念,以及通常建筑与园林之间相对独立关系。他们营造了多种过渡空间,以外接阳光房,下沉式餐厅等多种方式,使得室内和室外空间不再绝对分开,而与此同时,这些过渡空间也为传统的栖居体验提供了更多的可能。

设计之初,建筑师就仔细设想了庭院的游览路线,希望能够达到与建筑主体的连结,不管是室内,半室内,还是庭院空间,都可用以观赏和游玩。这就打破了只有室内用于居住,室外用于观赏游玩的传统个人住宅概念。

而对于建筑师来说,则是一次更全面的挑战。这就意味着,园林中的所有物品,哪怕是几只翠竹,一块石头,一片白沙的形态和位置,都会大大影响整个园林的气质和体验。建筑师把理想的游览路线转化成一幅卷轴图,把每个窗框和门框都变成画面,哪怕是人进入这个空间后站立、行走、坐下所体验到的景观,随着人的一步步移动,景致的变化,都一一考虑在设计过程中。

材料的运用也是构成视觉景观的重要因素:玻璃,镜钢,铝板,这些透明或半透明的材料,与高光反射的材质结合在一起,就创造出了交错,纯净而丰富的空间。它同时也打破了传统的实体隔墙带来的视觉阻隔,室外的景观被反射和引入了室内,室内借景庭院,庭院借景小区花园,自然景观被逐层渗透进室内的居住生活。

因此,也就把人们从体验建筑空间惯有的体验和透视观感中解放出来。这也是传统东方园林精神的一种现代表达。

Villa Huamao Renovation

Location: Beijing

Program: residential

Size: 600sqm

Completion: 2016

The renovation of Huamao Villa offered an opportunity for the architect to practice on physical and visual transition from the interior to exterior garden through an architectural approach.

To this end, the architect challenged the traditional definitions on house and courtyard as well as the independence that is commonly existing between buildings and gardens by creating different types of transitional spaces. The interior and exterior are connected by glass house and sunken plaza, which also created more possibilities to traditional residential experience.At the beginning of the design, the architect elaborated the tour circulation of the garden to link it withthe building, integrating the interior, half-opened spaces and the courtyard into a place where people can enjoy and play.Therefore, the traditional idea of personal residence falls apart, where the interior is no longer a living space alone, and the exterior is no longer for viewing and playing.

The more challenging part is to precisely position the objects inside the garden, including the plants, stones and white sand. Any of them would be crucial to the overall temperament and experience. The architect also designed a scroll map of all the recommending route by change each window and door into sketches. Even the landscapes one can capture when he is standing, walking or sitting down, and the changes of view as people walking are carefully considered during the design.

The use of materials is also an important partof the visual landscape: transparent and translucent materials, including glass, mirror steel and aluminum panels arecombined with materials of high reflection to create interlaced and purified spaces. It also breaks the visual barrier of traditional walls and reflects exterior landscape into the interior. The garden of the compound is introduced into the yard, and the yard is introduced into the interior. The natural landscape has been injected into the life under the roof by layer.

Therefore, people will be unconsciously liberated from the customary experience and perspective when traveling through architecture and spaces, which is considered a modern expression of the spirit of garden in Eastern tradition.